Household Chores: Robots That Tidy Up Based on User’s Preferences

tidybot household chores


As technology continues to advance, robots are playing an increasingly important role in our everyday lives. One area where this is particularly true is in the realm of household chores. Home robots have the potential to transform the way we live by simplifying and automating tasks that would otherwise be time-consuming and labor-intensive. One key aspect of this transformation is the development of robots that can adapt to the unique preferences and needs of individual users. In this article, we will explore the exciting world of personalized robot assistance and the groundbreaking research that is making it possible.

household chores

Different people have distinct needs and preferences when it comes to cleaning and organizing their homes. As such, robots designed to assist with household tasks should ideally be able to adapt to these individual preferences and complete tasks in a personalized manner. Researchers at Princeton University and Stanford University have recently embarked on a quest to achieve this goal by harnessing the power of large language models (LLMs) to personalize robot assistance. In doing so, they have created a mobile robot called TidyBot that has been specifically designed to tidy up indoor spaces based on user preferences.

The Power of Large Language Models (LLMs)

Large language models, such as ChatGPT, are a class of artificial intelligence models that have gained significant attention in recent years. These models are known for their ability to summarize information, generate text, and provide generalized guidelines based on relatively small datasets or scenario examples. The researchers at Princeton and Stanford have leveraged these capabilities, using LLMs to enable robots to learn and adapt to user preferences.

HouseHold Chores : The TidyBot, Personalization in Action

“TidyBot, a robot that’s here to stay,

Cleaning and organizing, every single day.

With user preferences in its command,

A tidy home, effortlessly grand”

TidyBot goes beyond its initial programming by leveraging machine learning techniques to continuously improve its performance. By analyzing user feedback and patterns, it can refine its understanding of individual preferences and adapt its cleaning and organizing methods accordingly.

Whether it’s arranging clothes in a particular order, organizing kitchen utensils based on usage frequency, or even tidying up a workspace based on personal preferences, TidyBot strives to cater to the unique needs of its users. As a result, it becomes more than just a cleaning robot; it becomes a personalized assistant, providing a seamless and tailored cleaning experience that brings order and efficiency to indoor environments.

Leveraging LLMs to Learn User Preferences

The research team used LLMs to create “summaries” of a user’s preferences for tidying up, based on a few inputs provided by the user. For example, a user might provide textual input such as “Red colored clothes go in the drawer, while white ones go in the closet.” The LLM then formulates generalized preferences that can guide the robot’s actions.

A key challenge in this process is determining the proper place to put each object, as people’s preferences can vary greatly depending on personal taste or cultural background. The researchers aimed to build systems that could learn such preferences from just a handful of examples via prior interactions with a particular person. By combining language-based planning and perception with the few-shot summarization capabilities of LLMs, they were able to infer generalized user preferences that could be broadly applicable to future interactions.

Testing the Approach: Achieving Accurate and Personalized Results

home robots

To evaluate their approach, the researchers conducted a series of tests to assess both the generalized preferences produced by LLMs based on text-based datasets and their impact on the ability of TidyBot to clean up in personalized ways. The results of these tests were highly promising, with the approach enabling fast adaptation and achieving an impressive 91.2% accuracy on unseen objects in their benchmark dataset. Moreover, TidyBot was able to successfully put away 85.0% of objects in real-world test scenarios.

The Potential of LLMs in Robotics Applications

This groundbreaking research not only demonstrates the capabilities of Language Model AI (LLMs) in assisting with written tasks or answering questions but also showcases their potential to revolutionize robotic systems. The remarkable achievements of the home robots project have opened up new avenues for research teams to harness the power of LLMs in various applications within the field of robotics.

By integrating LLMs into TidyBot, researchers have unlocked a new level of intelligence and adaptability in robotic cleaning systems. The ability of the TidyBot to learn user preferences and effectively apply them across different scenarios is a testament to the transformative potential of LLMs in robotics. This breakthrough has sparked excitement and curiosity within the scientific community, inspiring other research teams to explore how LLMs can enhance the capabilities of different types of robotic systems.

Overcoming Limitations and Future Developments

While the TidyBot project has demonstrated impressive results, there are some limitations and areas for improvement. The researchers noted that their real-world implementation of the system contains simplifications, such as the use of hand-written manipulation primitives, the assumption of known receptacle locations, and the employment of top-down grasps. These limitations could be addressed by incorporating more advanced primitives into the system and expanding the capabilities of the perception system.

Furthermore, since mobile robots cannot drive over objects, the system may not work well in excessively cluttered environments. The researchers suggested that incorporating more advanced high-level planning could enable the robot to reason about whether it needs to first clear itself a path to move through the clutter before picking up objects.

Implications for the Future of Home Robots

The LLM-based approach and the TidyBot developed by the researchers have the potential to contribute to the creation of increasingly advanced home robots that can complete chores and tidy up environments in ways that align with users’ preferences. As this method continues to be refined and improved, it could enable robotics to perform even better in highly cluttered environments and adapt to a wider range of user preferences.


The development of robots that can adapt to individual user preferences has the potential to revolutionize the way we approach household chores. By harnessing the power of large language models, researchers at Princeton University and Stanford University have made significant strides toward achieving this goal with their robotics project. As this technology continues to advance, we can expect to see an increasing number of home robots capable of providing personalized assistance, making our lives easier and more efficient.

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