Cost of 3D Printed House in India (2023-24)
3D printed houses are a new and innovative way to build homes, these houses offers new way to think about building homes. In India, this technology is not only gaining traction but also presenting a cost-effective solution to the housing crisis. In this blog post, we will explore the cost of 3D printed house in India and what makes them an attractive option for potential homeowners.
3D printed houses are created by using a 3D printer to print layers of material onto a platform, eventually creating a complete house. 3D Printing technology has the potential to revolutionize the construction industry by making it faster, more affordable, and more sustainable.
What are 3D printed Houses
3D printed houses are residential buildings that are constructed using a method known as construction 3D printing or additive manufacturing. This process involves an industrial-grade 3D printer that builds the house layer by layer, following a digital blueprint.
The printer dispenses a paste-like mixture, typically a cement blend, but it can also include other materials like sand, special polymers, or bio-resins such as soil, clay, or wood flour mixed with a binder.
These houses can be highly customizable and are built with minimal human oversight (less labour required), either on-site or off-site. They can be constructed within hours at a cost lesser than conventional construction methods. 3D printed houses are known for their speed of construction, cost-effectiveness, and the potential for low-waste, sustainable building solutions.
The Cost of 3D Printed House in India
The cost of 3D printed house in India depends on the size and complexity of the design, as well as the location of the project. However, in general, 3D printed houses are typically much cheaper to build than traditional homes.
According to Tvasta, a company that is developing 3D printed housing technology in India, the cost of constructing a 3D printed house is approximately Rs 5 lakhs to Rs 5.5 lakhs, roughly 20% of the cost of a standard 2BHK apartment.
The cost of 3D printed house in India can be influenced by several key factors:
1. Size and Design Complexity: The larger and more intricate the design of the house, the more material and time will be required, which can increase the overall cost. Custom designs with complex geometries are usually more expensive than standard, simpler designs.
2. Choice of Materials: The type of materials used for 3D printing significantly affect the cost. While concrete is the most common material due to its strength and affordability, other materials like biodegradable plastics or locally sourced natural materials may be used for sustainability reasons but could alter the cost.
3. Technology and Equipment Costs: The cost of the 3D printer itself, along with any additional technology and equipment needed for the construction process, also a factor for over expense.
4. Labor and Expertise: Even though 3D printing reduces the need for manual labor, skilled technicians and operators are still required to manage the printing process. The level of expertise needed can influence labor costs.
5. Regulatory Approvals and Compliance: In India, obtaining the necessary regulatory approvals and ensuring compliance with building codes and standards can incur costs. These regulations are essential for ensuring the safety and legality of the construction.
Understanding these factors can help potential homeowners and builders estimate the cost of 3D printed house in India and make informed decisions about their building projects.
Examples of 3D-printed houses in India
1. Tvasta’s 600-square-foot house at IIT Madras: This 2021 project showcased the potential of 3D printing for affordable housing. It was completed in 21 days at a cost of approximately Rs. 5 lakhs.
- Material cost: Rs. 2.5 lakhs
- Printing cost: Rs. 1.5 lakhs
- Other costs (including labor, design, and foundation): Rs. 1 lakh
2. L&T Construction’s two-story building: This 2020 project demonstrated the feasibility of using 3D printing for larger and more complex structures. It was completed in 106 hours using a special concrete mix developed by L&T.
- Material cost: Rs. 10 lakhs
- Printing cost: Rs. 8 lakhs
- Other costs: Rs. 2 lakhs
The cost is approximately 30% to 40% less expensive than a structure constructed using conventional methods which was under 25 Lakh. The post office has a built-up area of 1,021 sq. feet and features a unique design with a curved exterior.
4. Ecoshell’s 3D-printed toilet block: This 2019 project focused on addressing sanitation issues in rural areas. The toilet block was built in 24 hours using recycled plastic and waste concrete.
5. Myntra’s 3D-printed marketing office: This 2020 project showcased the potential of 3D printing for temporary structures. The office was built in under 10 days and can be easily relocated.
Current State of 3D Printing for Housing in India
1. Major players in the Indian market:
Some of the major players in the 3D printing housing market in India include Tvasta Manufacturing Solutions, Larsen & Toubro Construction, and COBOD.
2. Government initiatives and support:
The Government of India has released its National Strategy on Additive Manufacturing, aiming to contribute 5% to the global AM market and add nearly US$1 Bn to the national GDP by 2025. This policy supports the ‘Make in India’ and ‘AtmaNirbhar Bharat Abhiyan’ initiatives.
3. Adoption and acceptance by the construction industry:
The adoption of 3D printing in the construction industry in India is growing, with companies like Larsen & Toubro Construction completing the country’s first 3D printed two-storey building. The technology is seen as a potential solution to the housing crisis, with the ability to create high-quality, cost-effective, and eco-friendly buildings.
FAQs about Cost Of 3D Printed House in India
1. How much does it cost to build a 3D house in India?
The cost of building a 3D printed house in India depends on several factors, including Size and complexity of the design, type of materials used, location of the project, Experience of the builder.
That being said, estimates suggest that a basic 3D printed house in India can cost between Rs. 5-5.5 lakhs, which is about 20% of the cost of a traditional 2BHK apartment.
2. What is the average cost of a 3D printed house?
The average cost of a 3D printed house globally is estimated to be around $10,000 per square meter. However, this can vary depending on the factors mentioned above.
3. Is 3D printing expensive in India?
Compared to traditional construction methods, 3D printing in India can be more cost-effective, especially for smaller homes. It reduces labor costs and material waste, making it a potentially affordable option for many people.
4. How long will a 3D printed house last?
The lifespan of a 3D printed house depends on the materials used and the quality of construction. However, many experts believe that 3D printed houses can last just as long as traditional homes, with proper maintenance.
5. What are the disadvantages of 3D printed houses?
Some of the disadvantages of 3D printed houses include:
– Limited design options: Currently, there are fewer design options available compared to traditional construction.
– Lack of skilled labor: Skilled labor trained in operating 3D printers and working with new materials is still scarce.
– Regulatory uncertainty: Clear regulations and standards for 3D printed structures are still under development.
– Limited availability of materials: The availability of specific materials for 3D printing is still limited in some regions.
6. Is it cheaper to 3D print a house?
In many cases, yes, 3D printing a house can be cheaper than traditional construction methods. This is especially true for smaller homes and those built in remote or difficult-to-access locations.
7. Can anyone 3D print a house?
Currently, 3D printing a house requires specialized equipment and expertise. While enthusiasts may be able to build smaller 3D printed structures at home, larger and more complex projects are best left to professionals.
8. Are 3D printed houses practical?
3D printed houses are becoming increasingly practical as the technology matures. They offer several advantages over traditional construction, including faster build times, reduced costs, and less waste.
Overall, 3D printed houses have the potential to revolutionize the construction industry and provide affordable housing solutions for millions of people.
The cost of 3D printed houses in India are becoming attractive solution for the housing crunch. With their lower costs, faster construction, and potential for sustainability, they present a viable alternative for prospective homeowners. As major players and government support drive advancements, the future of 3D printing in Indian construction looks promising, providing a glimpse into a more accessible and efficient approach to building homes.